The government has been trying to regulate the Internet, and our data, in a variety of ways. While their intentions are generally good, the problem as most experts see it, is that in some cases they may be overstepping their legal bounds by limiting our freedoms.
There are a number of legislative acts that are meant to provide accountability, and legal recourse, for mismanagement of our private information such as medical records. Keep in mind that the Internet is worldwide and no one really 'owns' the Internet. Many other countries fare far worse that the U.S. in terms of how they regulate Internet access. Countries, such as China, tend to limit free speech by eavesdropping on Internet traffic and rooting out suspected subversives.
Children's Internet Protection Act (CIPA)
Children's Online Privacy Protection Act (COPPA)
Computer Fraud and Abuse Act
Do Not Track
Electronic Communications Privacy Act
Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPPA)
Uniform Fiduciary Access to Digital Assets Act
USA PATRIOT Act